HMS Albemarle was a 90-gun second-rate ship of the Royal Navy, launched in 1680 at Harwich. She took part in the Battle of Beachy Head and the Battle of Barfleur. In 1704 she was rebuilt and renamed HMS Union. Union was broken up in 1749.
HMS Royal James was a 100-gun first-rate ship of the English Royal Navy, launched in 1675. She was renamed HMS Victory in 1691 and took part in the Battle of Barfleur. She was partly destroyed by an accidental fire in February 1721 and was broken up afterwards. Some of her timbers were used to build the new HMS Victory, launched in 1737.
HMS St David was a 54-gun fourth rate ship of the English Royal Navy, launched in 1667. She was wrecked in Portsmouth Harbor in 1690. The next year St David was raised and hulked. SHe was sold in 1713.
HMS St George was a 42-gun great ship of the English Royal Navy, built by Andrew Burrell and launched in 1622. She took part in the Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife in 1657. St George was hulked in 1687, and sank as a blockship in 1697.
A hulk was a type of medieval ship, a technological predecessor of the carrack and caravel. The hulk was common mainly in the coastal region of Western Europe where it was used primarily as a river or canal boat.
Król Dawid was a galleon of the Polish Navy, launched in 1623. Initially, it served as a merchant ship under the German name König David. At the beginning of the war with Sweden, Król Dawid was admitted to the Polish Navy and participated in the Battle of Hel and the Battle of Oliwa in 1627. In 1629 the ship was sent to the Catholic League and served during the Thirty Years' War. In 1630, when Król Dawid was seeking refuge in Lübeck, it was captured by the citizens of the city.
La Pinta was the fastest of the three ships used by Christopher Columbus in his first expedition across the Atlantic in 1492. She was a caravel smaller than Santa Maria. La Pinta was not the ship's actual name only a nickname, meaning the spotted one or the painted one. Her actual name is unknown.
The ship was originally built in France under the name Pierre de la Rochelle. It arrived in Danzig (Gdańsk, Poland) with a cargo of sea salt in 1462. Here, after being struck by a lightning, it was rebuilt into a warship. It was the largest vessel with carvel planking in the Baltic region in the 15th century.
Roland von Bremen is replica of a cog from 14th century found in the Weser river in Germany. The Bremen cog, as the remains are called, has never sailed out and sank while it was still under construction possibly due to a storm flood. The Bremen cog had one mast and was square-rigged, with a carvel-built bottom and clinch-built sides.
Santa Maria was the flagship of Christopher Columbus's first expedition to America. She was a modest-sized merchant vessel not intended for exploration. She got wrecked on the return trip to Spain, on 24 December (1492) at Haiti. Her nickname was La Gallega after the Spanish province where she was built.
São Gabriel was the flagship of Vasco da Gama's armada on his first voyage to india in 1497-1499. The ship was constructed under the supervision of the explorer Bartolomeu Dias, who has reached Cape of Good Hope before. São Gabriel was a carrack with three masts and the tonnage of 90-120t. The ship endured the whole voyage and returned back to Portugal in August 1499.
São Miguel was a Portuguese vessel used as the supply ship of Vasco da Gama's fleet on his first voyage to India. It was a carrack of about 110 or 200 tons with Gonçalo Nunes as captain. The ship got damaged and was broken up near the Bay of São Brás, along the east coast of Africa on the way to India.
The sister ship of São Gabriel which was constructed specifically for Vasco Da Gama's voyage to India in 1497. It was of similar dimensions as the São Gabriel. The vessel was burned at the coast of East Africa on the way back to Portugal. It became redundant due to the diminished crew.
One of the ships used by Amerigo Vespucci on his first voyage to the New World in 1497-98. The other ships were San Antiago, Repertago and the Girmand. Wegix was a caravel with two lateen sails and one square rig.
Zeehaen was a Dutch fluyt in the service of the Dutch East India Company, launched in 1639. She was one of the two ships used by the explorer Abel Tasman. The Zeehaen left Holland in 1640 for Cambodia. In 1642 she and the Heemskerck were put under the command of Abel Tasman and sailed from Batavia (Jakarta) to explore the northern part of Terra Australis. During this expedition he discovered Tasmania and New Zealand.
Alecton was a corvette in the French Navy launched in 1861. She is one of the first ships to have encountered a giant squid which was until then considered to be a mythical creature. Alecton was scrapped in 1884.
An English warship built on the request of Henry VIII in 1511. She served 34 years in the Tudor Navy and was part of the fleet in three wars. She sank in the battle of Solent in 1545. The cause of sinking is not clear. The main opinions are that she sank after the french attack or that she keeled over due to being unstable.
San Antonio was one of the five ships that took part on the Spanish expedition of Fernão de Magalhãas in 1519-1522. Due to a mutiny San Antonio deserted the expedition during the navigation of the Straits of Magellan and returned to Europe on her own.
The carrack Anunciada was part of the Spanish Armada that attacked England in 1588. After the unsuccessful attack she escaped the British and planned to return home. She was damaged in a storm and leaking badly. Attempts to repair her failed and she was abandoned and set on fire.
San Esteban was a Spanish cargo ship and one of a flotilla of four ships carrying treasure from New Spain (Mexico) to Cuba. Three were wrecked in the storm, including San Esteban in 1554. The remains of San Esteban were found in 1970 and excavated in 1972-73.
Asahi Maru was a western-style frigate launched in 1855. Since 17th century Japan was pursuing the isolation policy which included the ban on building large ocean-going vessels. After the Perry expedition in 1843, Japan started to bolster the coastal defenses and the law was abolished. Asahi Maru and Shhei Maru were among the first warships constructed afterwards. Asahi Maru served as a troop transport by the Tokugawa Navy. After Meiji Restoration, she was sold to a private shipowner, and became a coastal transport.
Ictineo I was one of the first submarines. She was constructed in Barcelona, Spain in 1858-1859 by engineer Narcís Monturiol. The submarine was built from wood and propelled by hand crank propellers. Ictíneo I was destroyed in January 1862 when a cargo vessel ran into it while it was berthed.
Resurgam I and II were two submarines designed and built by Reverend George Garrett in 1878 and 1879. They were designed to be used as a weapon to defend against attack by torpedo vessels. The first one was hand powered while the second had a steam engine. The second Resurgam sank in the Liverpool Bay on 25 February 1880.